Angelo Fongoli of Azienda Agricola Fongoli in Montefalco is a winemaker I’m getting to know in the process of mentally shadowing biodynamic wine growers and makers.
I’ve covered the basics and then some—more on that here if you are new to the topic—so I have a growing interest in how these farms and wineries achieve and maintain balance. It seems to me that the system works unless it doesn’t (or it isn’t attempted) and I’m curious about the tipping point. More to come on this project, but the bottom line is, I’m learning from Angelo Fongoli others that work and think like him.
I’ve sampled his wines, a selection of Sagrantino made in several methods as well as red blends and single varietal whites including Grechetto and Trebbiano. Fongoli also produces grappa and olive oil, which I haven’t tasted.
Montefalco is situated in Umbria, a hillside town that earned the nickname “the balcony of Umbria” as she gazes over the fertile farmland below. The thick-skinned, tannin-rich Sagrantino grape is the hub of viticulture in Montefalco, a variety cultivated in this particular spot, with little to no prevalence elsewhere. One of the most antioxidant-rich grapes in the world, Sagrantino develops with age, with a minimum of 37 months aging required by the DOCG. I tasted Montefalco Sagrantino Secco 2010 recently and the tannins have a blanket effect on the finish, with lively red fruits and a moist earthiness on the plate. It could live longer in the cellar if I had another bottle!
Passito—sweet wine made with grapes that have been concentrated by two months of drying—is one version of Montefalco Sagrantino. The dry version requires an additional 12 months of aging in oak.
Azienda Agricola Fongoli
Azienda Agricola Fongoli is completely Ecocert organic, since 2011—this includes the vineyards and the olive grove. They use only estate grapes, as a biodynamic farm looks to be self-sustaining.
“Organic certified 35 ha, cultivated according to the biodynamic method: vineyards, wood, arable land, olive grove and natural truffle-ground. That’s the Fongoli farm.”
The Fongoli team also practices biodynamics and are working with VinNatur towards certification. VinNatur is a relatively new organization, formed in 2017. It happens that the wines I have tasted were made before 2017, but I find that wineries in the process of certification frequently tell me this does not mean they are in the process of converting, but rather, they’ve been farming a certain way all along and find that a specific certification suits them.
VinNatur has a complete treatise, but its succinct goal is to promote “activities aimed at growing vines and producing quality wines, using natural methods that are tied to the territory, without being forced by technology.” There is zero tolerance for pesticides.
The Fongoli methods are diverse and all-encompassing and from what I’ve seen from other biodynamic producers, this is how it must be. Biodynamics work to achieve balance and this happens when all components support each other, as well as the farmer and nature—and in the case of winemaking, cellar techniques must also coordinate.
In the vineyard, Folgoli employs the following methods:
- No of machines—instead, manual tillage and hoeing
- Planting of legumes, functional as “green manure,” which is plowed back into the soil as fertilizer.
- Minimal interventions between vine rows (ie, no heavy machinery) to prevent compacting soil
- Manual harvest
- Native trees, grasses and plants including “spontaneous herbs” promote biodiversity near the vineyards.
- Copper sulfate and sulfur dust are used to prevent and treat downy mildew.
VinNatur guidelines permit a maximum of 3 kg/ha of metal copper per year. I asked Fongoli about this, as the topic is showing a controversial side. “We use copper sulfate, but with the biodynamic work we can use only a small quantity, only in this case are they not dangerous.” It seems to me that this indicates overuse may be the culprit, and I’m digging into this topic more.
- Horses and goats roam the olive grove and snack on the weeds and undergrowth—the grove is fertilized through green manure as well.
- Treatments are made from natural products, applied in a zero-waste, biodynamic method.
In the cellar Fongoli employs the following techniques:
- They honor tradition. The family has made wine since the 1920s and Fongoli swears by an “enological traditions awareness.
“We want only the smell of the grapes in our wines and we want them to reflect the tradition and the typicality of our land.”
- Fongoli uses only indigenous yeast, no clarifications and no filtration. Most Fongoli wines are vinified, aged and bottled without sulfur. If sulfur must be used it is strictly minimal.
- The Montefalco Sagrantino DOCG and the Montefalco Rosso DOC are fermented in steel tanks, amphora or open vats and aged in used Slavonian oak. Skin contact fermentation in open vats is encouraged.
- Racking, lees contact and pour off is according to the moon periods, in alignment with biodynamic methods.
Italian Food, Wine and Travel
This month, our group of Italian FWT bloggers dialed into Sagrantino. On Saturday Feb. 2, our posts will all be live and we’ll be chatting about our discoveries. Join us on Twitter at 10am CST at #ItalianFWT, we’d love to hear your thoughts and experiences with Sagrantino! Take a look at all the great ideas our group will be posting:
- Camilla from Culinary Adventures with Camilla shares “Buridda for Befana + Còlpetrone 2011 Montefalco Sagrantino”
- Marcia from Joy of Wine shares “The Power of Sagrantino”
- On L’Occasion we share “Azienda Agricola Fongoli: Making Natural Wine In Umbria“
- Katarina from Grapevine Adventures shares “A Biodynamic Expression of Sagrantino in Umbria”
- Susannah Gold from Avvinare shares “Nectar of the Gods: Antonelli’s Montefalco Sagrantino Passito DOCG”
- Lauren from The Swirling Dervish shares “Antonelli San Marco: Umbria’s Wine History in a Glass”
- Lynn from Savor the Harvest shares “Italy’s Finest Wine At A Great Price“
- Giselle from Gusto Wine Tours (in Umbria!) shares “#ItalianFWT – Sagrantino For The Win(e)”
- Gwen from Wine Predator shares “Get to Know Sagrantino“
- Jennifer from Vino Travels Italy shares “Lawyers to Winemaking with Antonelli San Marco”
- Nicole from Somm’s Table shares “Cooking to the Wine: Còlpetrone Montfalco Sagrantino and Pasta with Red Pesto & Truffle Meat Sauce“
- Our host Jeff from Food Wine Click! shares “Montefalco Sagrantino to Warm a Minnesota Winter Night”